05 September 2019

Law and Visual Jurisprudence


Law and Visual Jurisprudence

Series Editors: Sarah Marusek, Anne Wagner

The Series Law and Visual Jurisprudence seeks to harness the diverse and innovative work within and across the boundaries of law, jurisprudence, and the visual in various contexts and manifestations. It seeks to bring together a range of diverse and at the same time cumulative research traditions related to these fields to identify fertile avenues for interdisciplinary research. 

In our everyday lives, we experience law as a system of signs. Representations of legality are visually manifested in the materiality of things we see and spatially experience. Methodologically, aesthetic texts of legality semiotically emerge as examples of visual jurisprudence and illustrate the constitutive waltz between social governance, formal law, and materiality. 

In its tangled relationship to regulation, the visual complexity of law is semiotically articulated as an ongoing process of meaning imbued with symbolism, memory, and cultural markers. Through a legal semiotics framework of symbolic articulation and analysis, the examination of law that happens in conjunction with the visual expands understandings of how law is crafted and takes root. Additionally, such an inquiry challenges the positivist view of law based within the courtroom as disciplinary spatial practices, the observation of everyday phenomenon, and the visible tethering of regulation to cultural understandings of legality generate a framework of visual jurisprudence. The Series seeks to enliven such frameworks as those in which law happens precisely without formal institutions of law and through which a visual-based methodology of law is crafted through everyday instances of ordinariness that contextualize the relationship between law, culture, and banality. 

The Series welcomes proposals – be they edited collections or single-authored monographs – emphasizing the contingency and fluidity of legal concepts, stressing the existence of overlapping, competing and coexisting legal discourses, proposing critical approaches to law and the visual, identifying and discussing issues, proposing solutions to problems, offering analyses in areas such as legal semiotics, jurisprudence, and visual approaches to law. 

Keywords: Legal Visual Studies, Popular Culture, Everyday Law, Spatiality, Legal Semiotics, Legal Geography, Legal Materiality, Legal Transplant, Bioethics, Cyber Law, Communication, Heritage and Territory, Design, Marketing, Packaging, Digitalization, Arts.

21 August 2019

CyECLI  & University of Cyprus - Department of Law

The Cyprus ECLI Conference:  

Access to – and organization of – 

legal information 

across legal traditions in the digital age

                                                  University of Cyprus, 18-19 October 2019

                                                         CALL FOR PAPERS

     As the national implementation of ECLI is reaching its final stage in Cyprus, which is a mixed jurisdiction with strong common-law characteristics, the University of Cyprus is bringing together a number of experts on information law, legal information, comparative law and legal theory for a conference aimed at evaluating the implementation of ECLI and the potential to alter/improve/fulfill.      The Cyprus ECLI Conference will consider how the new digital environment ushered in by ECLI is shaped by – and shapes back in turn – the legal traditions of the Member States, the EU itself and the broader world that interacts with Europe. 
     The idea is to see the big picture, by locating the technical aspects and problems of legal information to a broader context, with comparative and theoretical undertones: namely, to think in terms of legal systems and especially the operation of  administration of justice systems.

The conference aims to address the following themes:

     Case law in the modern European legal tradition: The role of case law in modern legal systems is paramount. In all legal systems of the European Legal Tradition, as well as in EU law – regardless of whether one accords or not case law a place in the formal hierarchy of sources or law – case law constitutes an authority employed in shaping, mapping and interpreting the law. The role of national judges in the implementation and development of EU law has led to increased appreciation of the role of case law and the need for effective access by lawyers and citizens to the case law of EU courts, national and other Member State courts. This underlying policy informs, on the one hand, the EU support of case law databases and interconnection initiatives and, on the other hand, the adoption of the ECLI standards by the Council. But how do these initiatives actually impact the practice and concept of law?

     Traditions of legal reporting and publishing of case law: Court decisions are an important source of legal authority in all European jurisdictions, but there is a difference as to the medium, between legal traditions – and this difference impacts content and relates to legal thinking.  
     Common law jurisdictions have developed a longstanding tradition of wholesale publication (“reporting”) of appellate case law (and, increasingly, important decisions at the trial level). The common law tradition is grounded upon a constellation of both official and commercial law reports. It is probably no coincidence that most of the Legal Information Institutes that open-access databases of case law have originated in common-law or mixed jurisdictions. 
     In contrast to this, the Continental European legal tradition has relied on the publication of selected court decisions in edited form. In the Continental legal tradition, the principal medium for publication of court decisions has been law journals (Zeitschriften) and digests (although some important courts do publish their own decisions in Law Reports). Online digital databases have originated from these media and are normally created by commercial legal publishers. 
     These traditions have come together in the European Courts – especially the Court of Justice of the European Union, but also the European Court of Human Rights, where even though the influence of the continental legal tradition may be overall stronger, a vigorous and open tradition of law reporting has been embraced.  The European Union is also pushing towards convergence of these legal traditions and traditions of case law publication) via the promotion of the interconnection of national case law and the assignment of a unique case identifier.

     Stakeholders of digital legal information: ECLI has taken various forms in the various Member States. Some countries, like the Netherlands, have adopted very simple systems similar to medium neutral citation standards, whereas some other countries, like Germany, have adopted longform systems containing a multitude of information about the case and its progress. National legal traditions are an important factor in explaining this regard, but another factor appears to be the relative power – and input – of diverse groups of stakeholders. First, information technology specialists, both lawyers and non-lawyers tend to promote simplified case law identifiers that can be easily read by machine (and humans). Second, judicial bureaucracies are often more interested in including as much data as possible in the ECLI; this may help with case management but not necessarily with providing an easy-to-use uniform citation system. Third, lawyers – practitioners, academic lawyers and judges – are primarily interested in having an easy-to-use citation system that provides immediately the principal information they have been used to expect. As ECLI becomes the dominant standard, it raises the stakes for other legal information players, including academia and commercial publishers.

     Medium neutral citation and ECLI as a medium-neutral citation system. A medium neutral citation “allows cases to be cited in a consistent manner, regardless of whether it has been published in print or online, in reported or unreported format.” A unique identifier is assigned to each court decision. This is one of the principal functions of ECLI, as outlined in the Council Conclusions. Considering, however, that it is not the sole function of ECLI, it raises the question of how to best combine the objective of a common case law identification system with objectives pursued in the process of – or parallel to – ECLI implementation. Another important question concerns the relation between ECLI and the Medium Neutral Citation project as first elaborated and pursued in non-EU common-law jurisdictions.

     Access to case law and data protection: The coming into force of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has brought to light concerns about the problems that publication of – and publicity regarding – court decisions might entail for the personality rights of individuals and even legal entities. Advances in information technology raise the stakes, as more information can be more easily accessible to more people for longer time. But the same spirit of technological development might also make a certain degree of anonymization possible. 
     At present, anonymization of some content of court decisions is being promoted in certain jurisdictions, in varying degrees. But important questions are only now beginning to be asked.  
     Should there be a uniform standard of anonymization or should we allow full freedom to each national legal tradition? It is being argued that the common law depends on names and cases as much as Continental jurisdictions depend on numbers and statutes. Whether one agrees or disagrees with this statement, it is high time to view anonymization in the context of comparative law and with a view to optimizing the administration of justice at both the EU and Member-State level. 
     What impact may anonymization have on the circulation of – and access to – European case law? We must consider on the one hand how case law is being researched and used at present and on the other hand how case law is perceived and used in each legal system: is the lawyers’ emphasis placed on the phrasing of the ruling? On the facts that led to the ruling? On the number of cases supporting a certain rule? Or on the judges’ argumentation in elaborating a rule? Is case law perceived as impersonal or even anonymous, or on the contrary is emphasis placed on the personality of the individual judge? 
     Should there be a different standard for different legal areas, or different court instances? Should the facts and data of higher court decisions be subjected to a lower threshold of privacy, due to their importance for case law? Or, conversely, should we be more tolerant with trial-level decisions because this is the level where full consideration of facts must be made, whereas a court of cassation will by definition produce a much more abstract judgment? 
     Which purposes are served by data protection – and the publication of judgments? What data are necessary? Where does public interest stop and informational selfdetermination begin? Is there a “status quo bias” and if so can it be justified in terms of policy objectives and values? Is the right to be forgotten relevant to legal information? What about the need to maintain full records for the eventual use of historians or social scientists? Are there technical means at our disposal capable of meeting all these contradictory demands and expectations?

     Please email proposals for papers (20 mins) to cyecli@ucy.ac.cy or nhatzimi@ucy.ac.cy (inquiries are also welcome at these addresses).  Proposals should include an abstract (no more than 300 words) and a biographical statement (no more than 100 words) for each speaker. 
     Proposals should be received by the 9th of September, so as to make a decision by the 15th. The organizing committee shall endeavor to make a pre-selection among papers submitted by the end of August. 
     Limited funding of costs may be available for selected speakers. Graduate students and early-career researchers are especially welcome. 
     Additional information about the conference program and guidance as to accommodation and travel arrangements will become available on the CyECLI website: http://www.ucy.ac.cy/cyecli/en/conference

CyECLI is co-funded by the e-Justice Programme of the European Union

28 June 2019

The Juris Diversitas 2019 Conference in South Africa (April 15-17)

Click on the following link to access photos of the Juris Diversitas 2019 Conference on Law, Roots & Space: access photo album
Click on the following link to access the program: access conference program

02 April 2019



Traduction et traductologie - Didactique et pédagogie 

Du jeudi 13 juin 2019 au vendredi 14 juin 2019

Programme de recherche 2018-2021
Épistémologies du droit. Approches pluridisciplinaires à l’ère de la globalisation

Axe 1 - Spécificités des langues et langages juridiques à l’intérieur des systèmes nationaux ou autres ordres juridiques
Axe 2 - Passage d’une langue à une autre et transposition dans un autre système juridique des concepts véhiculés par une langue juridique donnée
Axe 3 - Enseignement des langues juridiques (étrangères), connaissances et compétences à développer, leviers didactiques
Axe 4 - Réception, mobilisation et diffusion de la langue et des concepts juridiques par des disciplines ou des discours non juridiques


Jeudi 13 juin 2019 - Après-midi 

13h00 - Inscription
13h30 - Propos introductifs
14h00-14h45 - Conférence plénière
Langues et droit : de l’internationalisation au multilinguisme ? Sprachen und Recht : Von der Internationalisierung zur Mehrsprachigkeit ? 

Atelier 1 (Axe 1) 

15h00 - L’élaboration d’un langage commun par les juridictions régionales de protection des droits humains. Analyse comparée de la jurisprudence des Cours européenne et interaméricaine des droits de l’homme

15h25 - La renaissance de l’identité juridique et linguistique galloise. The rebirth of the Welsh Legal  and Linguistic identity

15h50 - Langue et Raisonnement. Existe-il un raisonnement unique derrière le "principe de proportionnalité" en Europe ? 

16h15 - Dire la common law en français : exercice de création ou de transposition ?

16h40 - Les textes dans les actes de procédures judiciaires pénales allemandes

Atelier 2 (Axe 2) 

15h00 - De l’inéquivalence en traduction juridique dans le domaine du droit des successions (France-Espagne)

15h25 - La langue dans la vente commerciale internationale

15h50 - La lettre et "l’esprit des lois" dans les traductions du Code civil

16h15 - La politique de traduction des Cours constitutionnelles : France, Allemagne, Espagne, Portugal

16h40 - Traduction ou trahison ? Les rapports entre les notions chinoises de Fazhi (法治) et Yifazhiguo (依法治国) et les notions occidentales d’"État de droit" et de "rule of law"

Atelier 3 (Axe 4) 

15h00 - Quatre fonctions pour quatre langages juridiques

15h25 - La clarté du langage comme objectif en droit 

15h50 - La traduction juridique du concept féministe de genre

16h15 - L’apport de la philosophie des formes symboliques d’Ernst Cassirer à la méthodologie du droit comparé

Vendredi 14 juin 2019 - Matin 

9h00-9h45 - Conférence plénière 
Quelle(s) sémantique(s) pour le discours juridique ? Pour une archéologie discursive des concepts en droit constitutionnel 

Atelier 4 (Axe 2) 

10h00 Traduire le droit comparé : la collaboration entre juristes et linguistes au service de la réflexion sur la pédagogie et les concepts du droit

10h25 La traduction du droit chinois en français à l’épreuve

10h50 - Traduire les terminologies juridiques au sein des organisations internationales : le cas des Nations Unies 

11h15 - La surprenante histoire de la Faculté de droit de l’Université de Moncton : penser et faire la common law en français

Atelier 5 (Axe 3) 

10h00 - Programme KLeFF – Apprentissage collaboratif franco-allemand de la langue juridique 

10h25 - Qui peut traduire le droit ? Analyse d’une même traduction (ITA-FR) par des juristes bilingues et des traducteurs spécialisés 

10h50 - Training lawyers/jurists on legal translation and legal language : Aspects and perspectives - La formation de juristes/avocats sur le langage et la traduction juridiques : Aspects et perspectives 

11h15 Manuel de communication juridique en langue étrangère : défis et perspectives 

Atelier 6 (Axe 4)

10h00 - La dissémination du discours du droit pour le grand public : une étude comparative des stratégies linguistiques employées en français et en anglais 

10h25 - Le principe de laïcité : une traductibilité complexe

10h50 - The trials and tribulations of legal terms : an affective approach in jurilinguistics

11h15 - La représentation des juridictions coutumières dans l’imaginaire de la littérature maghrébine d’expression française 

12h00 - Déjeuner libre

Vendredi 14 juin 2019 - Après-midi 

13h45-14h30 - Conférence plénière 
La traduction allemande du droit belge

Atelier 7 (Axe 2)

14h45 - La pertinence en traduction juridique : condition sine qua non de la possibilité du passage d’une langue à l’autre et d’un système juridique à l’autre 

15h10 - Traduction et terminologie transsystémiques : enjeux théoriques, acquis de l’expérience canadienne et autres avancées 

15h35 - La traduction spécialisée : le cas des textes juridiques français-tunisiens (français-arabe)

16h00 - Transposition des règles de droit de l’Union européenne et traduction : enjeux géopolitiques et intégration européenne 

Atelier 8 (Axe 1) 

14h45 - La justice compréhensible par tous : traduction pragmatique en hindi dans le domaine judiciaire 

15h10 - Deux siècles de traductions louisianaises : le droit civil en anglais in the making

15h35 - Droit OHADA et linguistique juridique : l’explicite et l’implicite d’un monisme du langage et d’un pluralisme de langues 

16h00 - Vers une évolution de la stylistique contractuelle en Common Law ? 

16h25 - L’Arabe comme langue constituante : entre subtilités et religiosité - Étude des travaux préparatoires à la Constitution tunisienne du 27 janvier 2014 

Atelier 9 (Axe 3) 

14h45 - "Virtual Erasmus" & task-based English for Legal Purposes by e-Collaboration: Student Case Studies in Comparative Law & Human Rights [3rd edition] 

15h10 - Rapprochement didactique entre le monde juridique et linguistique à travers le programme Juriste-Linguiste de l’ISIT 

15h35 - Projet de didactique juridique 

Comité d’organisation :
Renaud Baumert,
Albane Geslin,
Stéphanie Roussel,
Stéphane Schott.

16 February 2019

An Introduction to Jewish Law

An Introduction to Jewish Law

Francois-Xavier Licari

Jewish law is a singular legal system that has been evolving for generations. Often conflated with Biblical law or Israeli law, Jewish law needs to be studied in its own right. An Introduction to Jewish Law expounds the general structure of Jewish law and presents the cardinal principles of this religious legal system. An introduction to modern Jewish law as it applies to the daily life of Jews around the world, this volume presents Jewish law in a way that answers all the questions that a student of comparative law would ask when encountering an unfamiliar legal system. Sources of Jewish law such as revelation, rabbinical and communal legislation, judicial decisions, and legal reasoning are defined and analyzed, and the authority of who decides what Jewish law is and why their decisions are binding is investigated.

06 February 2019

In the Shade of an African Baobab


In the Shade of an African Baobab
Tom Bennett’s Legacy

Edition: 1st

Published: 24 January 2019

Editor: Christa Rautenbach

ISBN: 978 1 48512 847 2

Format: Soft cover

Extent: 282 pages

Retail price: R395 (includes 15% VAT, excludes courier 

delivery. Valid until 30/06/2019.)

About this publication:

In the Shade of an African Baobab: Tom Bennett’s Legacy is a collection of essays published to honour and thank Tom Bennett for his generous contribution to scholarly work over the years in the field of legal pluralism and African jurisprudence, as well as for his mentorship and friendship.

The book brings together a collection of work by esteemed scholars from multidisciplinary fields, though the work is focused on aspects of law, culture and religion. The common thread through all the contributions is Tom. His scholarly influence, visible in each of the contributions, can be compared to the mighty Baobab tree: a large iconic, culturally important and majestic tree indigenous to Africa.
Contents include:
  • Tribute to Tom Bennett – Hugh Corder
  • In the Shade of an African Baobab: Thomas W (Tom) Bennett on Custom and Religion – Christa Rautenbach 
  • A Tribute to Emeritus Professor Thomas Bennett – Chuma Himonga
  • When Grace Met Bennett: An Intersectionality Analysis of Bennett’s Commentary on Culture and Legal Pluralism in South Africa – Jewel Amoah
  • African Women and Fair Trial in South Africa – Adenike Aiyedun
  • Patrimonial Consequences of the Conversion of a South African Marriage to a Civil Marriage – Pieter Bakker
  • Illegal Mining: The Continued Struggle for Mineral Resources, Communities and the Environment –
    Willemien du Plessis & Juanita Pienaar
  • The Culturalisation of Religion and the Pursuit of Diversity: Co-existence within Religious Difference in South Africa and Europe – Kyriaki Topidi
  • OHADA Law and its Target Population: Is there Room for African Traditional Law within the Harmonisation of Contract Laws in Africa? – Salvatore Mancuso
  • African Legal Realism and Risk Assessment of Irrationality through Deliberate Silencing of African Voices and Perspectives – Werner Menski
  • Legal Pluralism and Social Change: Insights from Matrimonial Property Rights in Nigeria – Anthony Diala
  • Negotiating Space and Place in Relation to Land: A View from Kweneng Land Board, Botswana – Anne Griffiths
  • Human Rights at the Intersection of Legal Orders: The Case of the ‘Kharisiri’ – Eva Brems
  • Customary Legal Empowerment in Africa: How Rule of Law Programming has Impacted on Legal Pluralism in Malawi – Janine Ubink
Of interest and benefit to:
Lawyers and anthropologists engaged in the fields of legal pluralism, custom and religion 

Click on the link below for further details and to purchase this title online:

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29th World Congress 
of the 
International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (IVR) 
University of Lucerne
7 – 13 July 2019

Special Workshop: Legal Fictions Revisited 
Covenors: Kristin Y. Albrecht (University of Salzburg) and Karen Petroski (Saint Louis University)

Call for Papers
Fictions of various kinds remain powerful devices of legal argumentation and justification. 
Following the route opened by the special workshop on legal fictions at the IVR Congress 2011, as well as the resulting book and recent publications by such scholars as Simon Stern, we invite proposals for papers investigating some less-explored aspects of the subject, in particular the philosophical foundations, comparative examination, and historical aspects of legal fictions.

Is law a fiction or fictional system? If so, what is specific about legal fictions - or do they involve the same kind of fictionality as law itself? Is fictionality a phenomenon of language, ontology, and/or epistemology? Does fictionality presuppose an authorial intention? What does it presuppose about legal audiences?  What can we learn from the history of asking questions like these about law and fiction?  How much should lawyers, judges, and legislators know about these matters?  

Possible topics include:

I. Philosophy  
  • Fiction, deeming, and presumption in comparative perspective  
  • Fiction and definition 
  • Fiction and hypothesis, thought experiment, and planning  
  • Fiction and metaphor  
  • Fiction and truth 
  • Legal and aesthetic fictions

II. Comparative Law/Legal Theory  
  • Fictions in common law systems  
  • Fictions in civil law systems
  • The role of legal fictions in the development of law
III. History of Legal Philosophy
  • Jhering and Maine  
  • Kant and Vaihinger  
  • Kelsen and Vaihinger  
  • René Dekkers 
  • Oskar Buelow

Please send abstracts of no more than 500 words to Kristin Albrecht (kristin.albrecht@sbg.ac.at) and Karen Petroski (karen.petroski@slu.edu) by February 28, 2018.  

We will notify the authors of accepted proposals by March 15.  

We may schedule more than one meeting of this special workshop if the number and quality of proposed papers justify it.    

05 February 2019

The website for the 6th General Conference of Juris Diversitas (Law, Roots and Space) to be held in South Africa from 15-17 April 2019 is live, please visit http://law.nwu.ac.za/law/juris-diversitas-general-conference-home for more information regarding the theme, registration, accommodation, travel, contacts, etc.

31 January 2019

Click on the link for further details and to purchase the title online.